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Not a single symphony by Shostakovich has arisen so acute
debates and discussions in musical
circles and in the press as his 10th. Mravinsky conducted its
premiere in Leningrad in December of 1953. Certain musical critics and
Shostakovich’s colleagues were taken aback, even "frightened", by
its complication, sharpness of expression, and dramatic tenseness of narration.
Like in the composer's previous symphonies (especially in his Seventh and
Eighth) there are many pages full of deep sorrow, disturbing meditations and
gloom. However, amazing complexity is particular of the 10th symphony;
it cannot be interpreted in one simple way; the world of its artistic images wins
the listeners by depth and docility of psychological implications and nuances.
A well-known musicologist, Georgi Khubov, has defined the
Symphony’s artistic conception in the following way: "Three vital
philosophical motifs compose the base of the imaginative system and dramatic
compositions of the Symphony: motif of meditation, motif of human suffering, and
motif of struggle, giving rise to courage and overcoming suffering."
Vladimir Fedoseyev is a conductor with world fame, whose art
is recognized by music lovers in many countries. He is a true artist - gifted,
searching, purposeful and with passionate a love for music.
Vladimir Fedoseyev was born in Leningrad. He began to study
music with his father, an amateur bayan player, and began to play his first
concerts in hospitals in Leningrad during blockade. Upon returning home after
the evacuation Vladimir entered the Mussorgsky Musical College and began to work
in Leningrad at the well known Andreyev Russian Folk Instruments Orchestra. The
young musician continued his education at Moscow at the Gnessin Pedagogical
Institute of Music where his pedagogue was Nikolai Reznikov, conductor and
composer. In 1959 Fedoseyev became chief conductor of the All Union Radio
Russian Folk Instruments Orchestra.
Being a prominent conductor and a Glinka State Prize
laureate, Fedoseyev polished his skill at a post-graduate course at the Moscow
Conservatory in operatic and symphonic conducting under Professor Leo Ginzburg.
Of great importance was his creative co-operation with Yevgeni Mravinsky, who
had invited the musician to take part in a cycle of young conductors’ concerts
with the renowned Symphony Orchestra of the Leningrad Philharmonic Society
(1971). At the same time he began to conduct at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow
("Eugene Onegin" by Tchaikovsky) and at the Kirov Opera and Ballet
Theatre in Leningrad ("The Tsar’s Bride" by Rimsky-Korsakov).
In 1974 Vladimir Fedoseyev was given a new assignment to be
an artistic director of the USSR TV and Radio Large Symphony Orchestra. He is
still at the head of this company. An unusually fruitful, brilliant period of
the conductor’s creative activity began. His remarkable talent of interpreter
of Russian classical and contemporary music (Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov,
Rachmaninov, Scriabin, Mussorgsky, Glazunov, Stravinsky, Shostakovich, Sviridov)
was perfectly demonstrated with the orchestra. The conductor and his musicians
have recorded on LPs a number of operatic masterpieces of Russian classics.
Especially should be mentioned the first native recording of "Boris Godunov"
by Mussorgsky in the author’s edition.
The Large Symphony Orchestra under the baton of Fedoseyev
appears in many countries of Europe and in Japan. Only lately the Orchestra
appeared in France, Great Britain, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Greece,
Spain, Portugal, Norwey with a great success arousing enthusiastic press of
musical critics, This is one of a typical reviews: "The virtuosity of the
Orchestra is amazing and the range of its dynamic nuances is staggering: from
tender, almost celestial pianissimo of the strings to expressive, powerful
sounding of the brass, and warm, gently cantilena of the woodwind. Its stylistic
palette is multicolored: its sounding can be austere, transparent, refined in
Mozart and passionate, tremendous in its emotional tensness in Tchaikovsky
"Pathetique". In 1995 and 1996 the Large Symphony Orchestra’s guest
tours are planned.
In January of 1997 Vladimir Fedoseyev will hold the post of a
chief conductor of the Vienna Symphony Orchestra. This event is quite natural
for Austrian music lovers, because of the high prestige of the musician in
Vienna (as one of the critics wrote: "It is impossible to image musical
life in Vienna without this Russian conductor"). The other reviewer said:
"Fedoseyev in his art brilliantly combines accurate following to the text
and improvisational freedom. His energy, temperament, ‘charge’ with music,
his passionate love for it, transmit not only to his musicians but to the
audience, who composer together with the performers and the conductor a whole
unit. Is this not the essence of the great Interpretation, which remained in
memory for long years?
Symphony No. 10 in E minor, Op. 93
Moderato - 23:38
3. Allegretto - 12:02
4. Andante. Allegro - 13:04
Total Time - 52:59
Ostankino Large Symphony Orchestra
Conductor Vladimir Fedoseyev
Design by Evgeni Kostitsyn